Do you have questions? We can help! You will find the answers to several frequently asked mortgage questions below.
What is the difference between pre-approval and pre-qualification?
The pre-approval process is much more complete than pre-qualification. For pre-qualification, the loan officer asks you a few questions and provides you with a pre-qual letter. Pre-approval includes all the steps of a full approval, except for the appraisal and title search. Pre-approval can put you in a better negotiating position, much like a cash buyer.
What is a rate lock?
A rate lock is a contractual agreement between the lender and buyer. There are four components to a rate lock: loan program, interest rate, points, and the length of the lock.
What is a full documented loan?
Both income and assets are disclosed and verified, and income is used in determining the applicant’s ability to repay the mortgage. Formal verification requires the borrower’s employer to verify employment and the borrower’s bank to verify deposits. Alternative documentation, designed to save time, accepts copies of the borrower’s original bank statements, W-2s and paycheck stubs.
What are the other types of loans?
Stated income/verified assets: Income is disclosed, and the source of the income is verified, but the amount is not verified. Assets are verified, and must meet an adequacy standard, for example, six months of stated income and two months of expected monthly housing expenses.
Stated income/stated assets: Both income and assets are disclosed but not verified. However, the source of the borrower’s income is verified.
No ratio: Income is disclosed and verified but not used in qualifying the borrower. The standard rule that the borrower’s housing expense cannot exceed some specified percent of income is ignored. Assets are disclosed and verified.
No income: Income is not disclosed, but assets are disclosed and verified, and must meet an adequacy standard.
Stated Assets or No asset verification: Assets are disclosed but not verified, income is disclosed, verified and used to qualify the applicant.
No asset: Assets are not disclosed, but income is disclosed, verified and used to qualify the applicant.
No income/no assets: Neither income nor assets are disclosed.
What is a conforming loan?
A loan eligible for purchase by the two major Federal agencies that buy mortgages: Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
What is a jumbo mortgage?
A mortgage larger than the maximum eligible for conforming purchase by the two Federal agencies, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
What are points?
It is an upfront cash payment required by the lender as part of the charge for the loan, expressed as a percent of the loan amount; e.g., “2 points” means a charge equal to 2% of the loan balance.
What is a pre-qualification?
The process of determining whether a customer has enough cash and sufficient income to meet the qualification requirements set by the lender on a requested loan. A pre-qualification is subject to verification of the information provided by the applicant. A pre-qualification is short of approval because it does not take account of the credit history of the borrower.
What is a Loan Estimate (LE)?
A form that provides you with relevant information, including the estimated interest rate, monthly payment, and total closing costs for the loan. You receive this within three days after you submit your loan application.
What is a Closing Disclosure (CD)?
A Closing Disclosure is a five-page form that provides final details about the mortgage loan you have selected. It includes the loan terms, your projected monthly payments, and how much you will pay in fees and other costs to get your mortgage (closing costs).
What is a good faith estimate (GFE)?
It is the list of settlement charges that the lender is obliged to provide the borrower within three business days of receiving the loan application. Applies to reverse mortgages and HELOCs only.